Hosted Currency: What Is Bitcoin and How Does It Work?

what is bitcoin

In the United States today, the most popular and widely used currency is the dollar, which has been the national currency for hundreds of years. However, in recent years, a second type of money has cropped up, known as Bitcoin.

Its use has been growing in popularity since the creation of this cryptocurrency, and today, one bitcoin is worth more than $200, though its value, like that of any regular currency, fluctuates from day to day. And yet, it is not backed by any assets and is not accepted as legal tender by any government.

What Is Bitcoin and How Was it Created?

It was developed in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto. However, it has been speculated that this is a pseudonym assumed solely for the Bitcoin project, although while numerous names have been floated as being associated with this project, all of these claims have been denied by the various people in question.

It was designed to be a new form of digital currency that would replace traditional paper money and eliminate the need for banks or other financial institutions.

More importantly, it was designed to give users a fast way to conduct direct person-to-person or business-to-business transactions that are not monitored by financial institutions or the government. Its official website describes itself as “an innovative payment network and a new kind of money.”

Currently, it is not regarded by the Internal Revenue Service as a form of currency, however.

It is seen as a business despite the fact that it works as a type of currency called a cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency works much like traditional currency, such as U.S. dollars, but it is designed specifically for transactions that take place digitally.

Cryptocurrency is used in combination with cryptography to ensure that transactions and the production of new cryptocurrency are secure. It operates using a cryptographic system known as SHA-256, a secure hash algorithm created by the National Security Agency.

This system was released by the federal government for open-source use. Each transaction is recorded in a public log where anyone can view it. These transactions only identify users as series of numbers.

To ensure that transactions remain anonymous, it is encouraged that its users have a new Bitcoin address for every transaction to prevent being identified or having their accounts attacked.

Where Do Bitcoins Come From, and What Is Bitcoin Mining?

As with any new currency, it is necessary to introduce new bitcoins to meet supply needs as the currency expands in use. To create new ones, a process known as bitcoin mining is used.

In this process, users can earn more bitcoins on the web, hosting computing processes to solve difficult mathematical problems with the use of software to process transactions. When the user solves one of these mathematical problems, they create a new block or a proof of work.

As a reward for solving one of these problems, new bitcoins are created and put into circulation. Because there cannot be an endless amount of them or any form of currency for it to remain valuable, the act of Bitcoin mining is hugely competitive among those using the Bitcoin network.

The value of each block lessens and the difficulty of the mathematical problems increases after certain amounts of bitcoins have been mined, with the beginning 210,000 blocks containing 50 bitcoins and then dwindling down in value and increasing in difficulty until all of the bitcoins that will ever be in circulation are created.

Ultimately, there will be 21 million bitcoins mined. It is estimated that all of these 21 million bitcoins will be mined by the year 2140, and at that point, there can be no more created.

How Does the Value of Bitcoins (or BTC) Relate to the Value of Global Currencies?

The currently accepted names for various denominations of bitcoins also include bits and satoshi. A regular bitcoin consists of 1 million bits, and a bitcoin is also equal to 100 million satoshi.

It is currently worth approximately $270, 175 British pounds, or 32,520 Japanese yen. These figures fluctuate frequently, however, due to the nature of currency markets and the fact that the company is relatively young and unstable. It does not shy away from discussing the risks associated with such an innovative technology.

Its total value can be affected greatly by small factors, such as trades, and users should not invest any money on it that they cannot afford to lose. The invention of an entirely new form of currency is in its infancy, and users should be aware of this instability in relation to it and other forms of currencies.

How Do People Acquire Bitcoins?

There are various ways to acquire them. The most popular way to acquire them is to purchase them from a Bitcoin exchange.

They can be purchased from a trusted source that sells them, and in some areas, there are even Bitcoin ATMs that allow people to buy or send them directly from the machine.

This choice eliminates the risk of being scammed. Those who are interested in acquiring them may also attempt bitcoin mining, though there is no guarantee that it will result in the accrual of bitcoins.

How to Store Bitcoins Safely

When an individual acquires them, they receive a “digital wallet,” where they store them in. The wallet in and of itself does not offer a huge amount of security.

Bitcoins provide guidelines to ensure that users are able to learn the best security practices, and they stress the importance of using these security practices to keep money safe.

For instance, it is suggested keeping small amounts of money within the wallet for normal use and storing the rest in a separate location. It is also suggested that users back up their bitcoin wallets as they would with any other important data or documents and then encrypt them.

Software should be up to date, and backups should be stored on multiple devices such as USB drives or CDs. It is also recommends requiring multiple signatures for transactions and writing down information, such as passwords, and storing it in a vault or another secured physical location.

By following these practices, it should remain safe. Because It is fairly new, it is susceptible to attacks and scams. Users should only send money to trusted individuals or businesses, as these are not refundable.

How Can I Use Bitcoins to Make or Receive Payments?

Sending or receiving a payment with bitcoins is a fairly simple process. To send or receive them, the sender will need the recipient’s email address or their Bitcoin wallet address.

After a person has this information, they simply log into their Bitcoin account and choose which account they wish to send them from. To make this process easier, users can specify a local currency amount to be sent, and this amount will be converted into bitcoins.

When a user sends money with bitcoins, it generally takes around 10 minutes for the payment to be received. This delay is because Bitcoin relies on users of the network through bitcoin mining software to confirm the transaction before it is posted to the account.

This confirmation process aims to eliminate fraudulent activity or scams that may cause either party to lose money by confirming that these are available and have not been recently sent elsewhere. It is suggested that recipients wait until they have received six confirmations before considering the money to be officially received and confirmed.

This transaction will then be recorded in a public log and will be buried under blocks of new transactions. Sending and receiving money can also be done through the use of Bitcoin ATMs, although these machines are not yet available in all locations.

The Future of Bitcoin

Some see bitcoins as a fleeting trend, while others see it as a global innovation that will eventually be a dominating form of currency in our technologically savvy world.

It makes no promises that its model will be successful in the future. Users generally understand the risks that come along with new technologies and an untested new form of currency. While Bitcoin has had incredible success since its creation, it is difficult to tell where the future may lead.

It may eventually become an extinct form of currency, or it may someday become the only type of currency. Whether or not we will see this happen in our lifetimes remains unknown, but supporters of Bitcoin encourage users to invest what money they can in this revolutionary new currency to make a global takeover a real possibility.

  • Bitcoin Frequently Asked Questions: This is the official website that aims to answer multiple questions that those interested in bitcoin frequently ask. The FAQ also answers questions about how it works and discusses the future of the company.
  • What Is Bitcoin? In this article, a detailed overview of bitcoin is provided for those curious about new digital forms of currency. The article also discusses whether it is feasible for digital currency to ever replace paper currency.
  • Internal Revenue Service: Virtual Currency Guidance: In this article published by the IRS, those who use virtual currency are provided with guidance on general rules and property taxes associated with the ownership of bitcoins and other virtual currencies.
  • Risks to Consumers Posed by Virtual Currencies (PDF): In this consumer advisory document, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau outlines the risks and facts that consumers should be made aware of before deciding to purchase or send it as a form of currency.
  • The Bitcoin Foundation: The Bitcoin Foundation is a nonprofit group that aims to provide funding and publicity for Bitcoin developments.


Content Writer at Vodien Internet Solutions


Val Soh is the lead writer at Vodien and is responsible for all the content that comes from Vodien. She loves the world of technology and marketing and enjoys catching up with the latest happenings in the field, sharing them in unique and entertaining pieces for her readers to enjoy.

Here are some of the other pages created by Val Soh:



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